Four US Banks Facing $205 Billion in Unrealized Losses

Four US Banks Facing $205 Billion in Unrealized Losses


Bank of America, Wells Fargo, JPMorgan Chase, and Citigroup, four of the largest banks in the US, are currently facing a combined total of $205 billion in unrealized losses on their balance sheets, according to a report from the Financial Times.

Implications for the Banks

Bank of America is in the worst position, with $100 billion in unrealized losses at the end of the first quarter. Wells Fargo and JPMorgan Chase both have $40 billion in unrealized losses, while Citigroup has $25 billion.

These losses have significant implications for the banks and the wider banking system. Bank of America, for example, has stated that it has no plans to sell its underwater bonds, which are the source of its unrealized losses. While this decision may limit the amount of money the bank can generate from deposits, it is important to note that the bank’s portfolio consists of highly rated government-backed securities that are expected to eventually be paid back when the underlying loans mature.

Additionally, the presence of these unrealized losses raises concerns about the stability and resilience of the banking system. While recent stress tests conducted by the Federal Reserve indicated that Bank of America and its peers performed well, it will be crucial to closely monitor the impact of these losses on the overall financial health of the banks involved.

Lessons from Silicon Valley Bank

The failure of Silicon Valley Bank serves as a cautionary tale of the potential pitfalls of holding unrealized losses on balance sheets. The bank’s rapid collapse in March was triggered by the announcement of a $1.8 billion loss from selling a portion of its bond portfolio. This reminds us of the risks involved in carrying unrealized losses.

Implications for the Economy

The implications of these unrealized losses extend beyond the individual banks. If these losses were to be realized, they could erode the capital buffers of the banks and potentially restrict their ability to lend. This could have a negative impact on economic growth as reduced lending could impede business expansion and consumer spending.


In conclusion, the $205 billion in unrealized losses currently sitting on the balance sheets of Bank of America, Wells Fargo, JPMorgan Chase, and Citigroup is a significant development that raises concerns about the stability of the banking system and has potential ramifications for the wider economy. While the decision to hold onto these losses rather than sell the underlying bonds has both advantages and risks, it will be crucial to closely monitor how these losses evolve and their impact on the financial health of the banks in the future.

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